Explore the basics of how antibiotics, antivirals, and vaccines work to help your immune system in the fight against pathogens! This Amoeba Sisters video also briefly introduces the lines of defense in the immune system and discusses how vaccines can be important for "herd immunity."Table of Contents:00:00 Intro0:24 Basics of Immune System2:50 Antibiotics4:35 Vaccines5:41 Herd Immunity7:14 Antivirals8:04 One Last Thing- Pathogens Can Evolve (Flu Virus)Factual References:*OpenStax, Biology. OpenStax CNX. Nov 7, 2018 http://cnx.org/contents/[email protected]*Rubella Vaccine from CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/rubella/vaccination.html*https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/howvpd.htm*SOME vaccines are contraindicated DURING pregnancy, which is why pregnant women can be a vulnerable population for some diseases if they lack immunity [mentioned when discussing herd immunity]. CDC General Vaccine Recommendation During Pregnancy: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pregnancy/hcp/guidelines.htmlKeep in mind that, as the note states in the video, a woman may be vaccinated against rubella as a child but find out when pregnant that she has a "low titer" of Rubella antibodies and therefore be vulnerable. As the note mentions, some vaccines require "booster" doses.*Further Reading Suggestions:*-Importance of Vaccinations from CDC: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/howvpd.htm-What if we stopped vaccinating? from CDC https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/whatifstop.htm-https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4024226/-https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4203350/-https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24814559-Learn more about Herd Immunity here: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/article/herd-immunity/-Learn more about myths and facts regarding vaccines: https://www.texaschildrens.org/departments/center-vaccine-awareness-and-research-cvar/vaccine-facts-and-myths#Myth:%20A%20preservative%20used%20in%20vaccines%20causes%20autismThe Amoeba Sisters videos demystify science with humor and relevance. The videos center on Pinky's certification and experience in teaching biology at the high school level. For more information about The Amoeba Sisters, visit: http://www.amoebasisters.com/about-us.htmlWe cover the basics in biology concepts at the secondary level. If you are looking to discover more about biology and go into depth beyond these basics, our recommended reference is the FREE, peer reviewed, open source OpenStax biology textbook: https://openstax.org/details/books/biologySupport Us? https://www.amoebasisters.com/support-usOur Resources:Biology Playlist: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLwL0Myd7Dk1F0iQPGrjehze3eDpco1eVzGIFs: https://www.amoebasisters.com/gifs.htmlHandouts: https://www.amoebasisters.com/handouts.htmlComics: https://www.amoebasisters.com/parameciumparlorcomicsUnlectured Series: https://www.amoebasisters.com/unlecturedConnect with us!Website: http://www.AmoebaSisters.comTwitter: http://www.twitter.com/AmoebaSistersFacebook: http://www.facebook.com/AmoebaSistersTumblr: http://www.amoebasisters.tumblr.comPinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/AmoebaSistersInstagram: https://www.instagram.com/amoebasistersofficial/Visit our Redbubble store at https://www.amoebasisters.com/storeTIPS FOR VIEWING EDU YOUTUBE VIDEOS:Want to learn tips for viewing edu YouTube videos including changing the speed, language, viewing the transcript, etc? https://www.amoebasisters.com/pinkys-ed-tech-favorites/10-youtube-tips-from-an-edu-youtuber-duoMUSIC:Our intro music designed and performed by Jeremiah Cheshire.End music in this video is listed free to use/no attribution required from the YouTube audio library https://www.youtube.com/audiolibrary/music?feature=blogCOMMUNITY:We take pride in our AWESOME community, and we welcome feedback and discussion. However, please remember that this is an education channel. See YouTube's community guidelines and how YouTube handles comments that are reported by the community. We also reserve the right to remove comments.TRANSLATIONS:While we don't allow dubbing of our videos, we do gladly accept subtitle translations from our community. Some translated subtitles on our videos were translated by the community using YouTube's community-contributed subtitle feature. After the feature was discontinued by YouTube, we have another option for submitting translated subtitles here: https://www.amoebasisters.com/pinkys-ed-tech-favorites/community-contributed-subtitles We want to thank our amazing community for the generosity of their time in continuing to create translated subtitles. If you have a concern about community contributed contributions, please contact us.